In June of 1980, singers from around the nation took part in a new, four-day Sacred Harp convention in Birmingham. This was no ordinary singing—in a unique series of events, participants honored the heritage of Sacred Harp tradition while celebrating the growth of new singing communities far from the music’s Southern homeland.
This online exhibition brings together documents, images, and recordings from the collection of the Sacred Harp Publishing Company that tell the story of the first National Sacred Harp Singing Convention.
a historical sketch by Nathan K. Rees
In 1980, Hugh McGraw, then Executive Secretary of the Sacred Harp Publishing Company, launched a new Sacred Harp convention to gather singers from around the entire country in a single, celebratory event. The first National Sacred Harp Convention, four days of singing at Samford University in Birmingham, Alabama, attracted hundreds of participants, including representatives from nearly every community of singers. The class voted to make the National Convention an annual event, and it still meets on the Thursday, Friday, and Saturday before the third Sunday each June in Birmingham … read the full essay »
Several singers shared their photos of early National Conventions with the Sacred Harp Museum. Visit the photo album to see photos of the first several years of the National Convention from the museum’s collection.
Directory and Minutes
Recognizing the fist National Convention as a momentous occasion, rather than publishing the minutes in that year’s minutes book, its organizers published a separate set of minutes and directory of participants. The eighty-four-page booklet records the entire order of events, lists each leader and their song selections, and includes a “pictorial remembrance” with photographs of the convention.
- The first National Convention minutes book, text-searchable version (25.4 MB PDF).
- The first National Convention minutes book, regular version (4 MB PDF).
- A signed copy of the program for the Thursday, June 26, session of first National Convention, given to singers as they arrived.
Claude Rhea and the Samford University Music Department were exceptionally generous in facilitating the printing of this brochure, which explains the uncharacteristic use of the word “Sing” to describe a Sacred Harp convention.
As the minutes from the first National Convention relate, “When all day singings were first organized only men were allowed to lead. The first two days of the singing were held in that traditional manner. Then on Saturday the men sat in the class and sang and the ladies took over for the day.”
In fact, the tradition that limited leading to men had evaporated by the mid-twentieth century, and by 1980, many of the most respected and admired leaders were women. “Ladies’ Day” at the first National Convention was truly memorable. Celebrated leaders including Marie Creel Aldridge, Mary Kitchens Gardner, Joyce Walton, and many others took the floor, while an all-women slate of officers presided. Fittingly, the president for Ladies’ Day was Ruth Brown, who would become one of the most important ambassadors for traditional Sacred Harp. The bus trips she organized throughout the 1980s and 1990s were instrumental in bringing together singers from all different communities, very much in the spirit of the National Convention.
The Sacred Harp Museum holds a variety of materials that document the original National Convention. Among the most charming is the promotional cap made for attendees—true Sacred Harp aficionados will recognize it as the hat worn by Leonard Lacy while doing chores on the 1984 film, The Sacred Harp Singers.
The National Convention Today
The National Sacred Harp Singing Convention continues to attract singers from around the nation and across the world. Make plans to attend on the the Thursday, Friday, and Saturday before the third Sunday of June each year. The National Convention is scheduled for June 12–14, 2014 at First Christian Church, 4954 Valleydale Road, Birmingham, Alabama. For more information, see the convention’s website.
Share Your Memories of the National Convention
We invite you to share your experiences. Leave a comment in the box below with your recollections, stories, or observations of the National Convention over the years.